Martha Baynes Eldridge
|Event||Date of event||Since Parents marriage||Since Birth||Since Baptism||Since Marriage|
|Birth||7th March 1819||2 years, 2 months, 21 days||----||----||----|
|Marriage||15th May 1844||27 years, 4 months, 21 days||25 years, 2 months, 9 days||
|Death||19th September 1898||81 years, 8 months, 16 days||79 years, 6 months, 12 days||54 years, 4 months, 4 days|
When Martha Baynes Eldridge was born on 7 March 1819 in Salcombe, Devon, her father, Richard, was 23, and her mother, Martha, was 21. She married Thomas Scott on 15 May 1844 in Bethnal Green, Middlesex. They had seven children in 14 years. She died on 19 September 1898 in Maldon, Essex, having lived a long life of 79 years.
There are two possible baptism records for Martha, one in Devon and the other in Bethnal Green. Further research required.
Well, following the discovery in the 1851 census that Martha was born in Devon, it suggests that is where the baptism record may be found. There is a Martha Baines Eldridge, Birth date 7th March 1819, with a place of abode of Salcombe Devon, baptised in Salcombe to parents Richard and Martha Eldridge, and Richard stated as a Mariner. The spelling of the second name does not match with an i instead of a y, but should that discount this record.
The other interesting record is for Martha Baynes Eldridge, Baptised on 09 Mar 1819, in Bethnal Green, of father Richard Eldridge. However, no mother's name is recorded nor the father's profession.
Salcombe is only 7 miles from Torcross where Richard, her brother lived when he was baptised on the 12th October 1817 in the parish church of Stokenham, in Devon.
The proximity in time and place to her brother's baptism and the family abode, together with the later information on place of birth, not in this county 1841 Census, and Born in Devonshire, 1851 Census suggest to me that the Devon person is the correct one despite the variation in the spelling of the second name. The link to Bethnal Green appears to be later in the storyline.
Martha Baynes Eldridge married Thomas Scott on 15th May 1844. They are both of full age which suggests that they were born before 1823, which is correct for Martha. There appears to be a side affidavit which has been obscured.
He is a bachelor, a Cheesemonger residing at 1 Devonshire Buildings, presumably in Bethnal Green, and she is a spinster, residing at 13 Westover Street. Research suggests that this has also been known as Temple Street. Thomas's father is recorded as Joseph Scott, a shopkeeper. Martha's father is Richard Eldridge, a Custom House Officer. The name and profession correlate with other sources.
The witnesses are Richard Eldridge and Mary Ann Nicholas. It is not clear if this is Richard Eldridge the father or the brother. If it is the brother, he later married Mary Ann Nicholas, in 1846. The signatures on the two documents are not dissimilar.
Bethnal Green was new in 1844. Below is a extract from British History Online
In 1788 much of Willetts (George and Gravel fields) south of Bethnal Green Road was divided into lots, most of which were leased for 99 years to John May Evans, a Surrey builder, and William Timmins, a local brickmaker. They immediately built along the main road, including Shepherd's Place or Row, and in the streets running south from it, named from the estate's owners: White, Thomas, and Charles streets. Houses 'in the back ground' were probably in the narrow street parallel with Bethnal Green Road, called White's or Thomas Passage or Granby's Row. Abbey Street, at the west end of the development, existed as Benal Abbey Street in 1788. Part of the land was still a brickfield in 1803.
In 1794 Samuel Scott, owner of Thickness estate, had a house in a brickfield opposite a house in the Jewish burial ground at the southern end of the district, next to Ducking Pond Lane. Three houses had been built there by 1801 when he had leased ground to Isaac Bird, coachmaster of Whitechapel. By 1809, when he was 'builder' or 'brickmaster', Bird had built along North Street (formerly Ducking Pond Lane) and on a new side road, Pleasant Row.
Building began on Jarvis's, the estate to the east, in 1812 when two parallel streets were planned to run the length of the estate from Three Colts Lane: Hinton Street, to join the northern part of Collingwood Street, and Tapp Street to the west. Westover (Temple) Street was to link them in the middle of the estate. Sir George Ivison Tapps in 1812 agreed with Edward Bumford, engraver of Islington, for building south of Temple Street and thereafter granted several leases to Bumford and his brother (or son) John, who started from the south with Somerford Street and Trafalgar Place. Their sublessees William Miller and Richard Leavitt were the builders in Somerford Street. Building had reached Temple Street by 1826 and there were nearly 100 houses on the estate by 1836 although half of it, east of Hinton Street, was still open.
In 1818 Bumford agreed with the Pope family for ground to the west, where he built Winchester (or Market) Street as an extension from Hare Street and Carlisle, Great Manchester, Nottingham, and Arundel (or Albion) streets running south from it. In 1825 the Popes agreed to grant the rest of the estate (Great Haresmarsh) to the south and west, Bumford to spend £7,000 on 56 houses with frontages of 14-21 ft. Artillery (or Anglesea) Street was 'new intended' in 1826. The southern and eastern parts of the estate were leased to George Selby, who in 1828-9 was involved with Edward Bumford, by then a 'surveyor', in leasing houses in Albion, Anglesea, Wellington (the southern extension of Nottingham Street), and Selby (at the southern border) streets. The whole area was called Waterloo Town.
The map of the Principal Estates is not dated but it may be 1843, before the railways cut the area in half.
The above map, an OS 25" from the National Library of Scotland collection was revised in 1893. The blue marker is the approximate location of Westover Street (Temple Street), the residence of Martha Baynes Eldridge according to her Marriage Record. The home did not last very long before being cut down, almost before the plaster had dried, to make way for the Great Eastern Railway, well probably it's predecessor, Eastern Counties Railway.
The OS map has been rotated such that North is towards the left so that it approximately aligns with the orientation of the Principal Estates Map, Tent Street is shown on both maps, which aids correlation. The normal north to the Top of the page can be found on the National Library of Scotland Map. The map on the link can also show current mapping. Tent Street is still there, as is Wilmot Street. The street if not the original homes.
Census and Voters
It is difficult to find Martha definitively in the 1841 Census. Martha was no longer living at home as she was not included with the family in the census.
Martha's age for the 1841 Census would have been approximately 22 years. By that age she would have been working and it is not surprising that she is not in the family census.
A possible find for Martha is that she was in domestic service. There is a record for a Martha Eldridge being a Female Servant to Charlotte Benting, aged 30, residing at Euston Place.
The Property at Euston Place appears to be multi-occupancy, mainly with small or individual family units of independent means together with their servants.
Euston Place was just outside Euston Station, near Euston Square. It is marked on the OS Map.
Martha's death is confirmed with the probate record.
Martha died on 19th September 1898 at Maldon, Essex. Maldon is a long way away from the Bethnal Green she occupied since before her marriage in 1844. There is however a clue as to the move. It is held in the recipient of Martha's Effects. Martha Lucking was one of her daughters, married to Alfred Lucking, and living in Maldon.
In 2020, the relative value of £599 14s 5d from 1898 ranges from £68,300.00 to £740,300.00. That is not an insignificant amount to pass on.
Martha Baynes Scott and Thomas Scott children's Baptism Records.
Thomas William Scott
Thomas William Scott born on 11th February 1847 to Thomas and Martha Baynes Scott of Bethnal Green Road, a Grocer, baptised on 9th January 1848 at St Matthew Church, Bethnal Green, Middlesex.
His parents names, occupation, and place of abode correlate with other evidence.
Parishes and Homes
St Matthias Parish highlighted with St Matthias Church, St Matthew's Church, and 61 Bethnal Green Road circled. Base image from Family Search.
Bethnal Green St Matthias is an Ecclesiastical Parish in the county of Middlesex, created in 1844 from Bethnal Green [St Matthew] Ecclesiastical Parish; located on Hare Street (formerly Cheshire Street).
Location of St Matthias Church on Hare Street found by reference to 25" OS Map on National Library of Scotland
St Matthew's Parish highlighted with St Matthias Church, St Matthew's Church, 61 Bethnal Green Road, and 276 Bethnal Green Road circled. Base image from Family Search.
Bethnal Green [St Matthew] is an Ecclesiastical Parish in the county of Middlesex, created in 1743 from part of Stepney [St Dunstan] Ancient Parish; located on St Matthew's Row.
St Simon Zelotes Parish highlighted with St Matthias and St Matthew's Parishes in the large circle. See pervious maps for details. The small circle is 115 Grove Road. Base image from Family Search.
Bethnal Green St Simon Zelotes is an Ecclesiastical Parish in the county of Middlesex, created in 1844 from Bethnal Green St James the Less Ecclesiastical Parish; located on Morpeth Street.
Key data about Martha Baynes Eldridge and her family.
|Name||Birth||Baptism||Marriage||Death||Interval between children||Mothers age at birth|
|Martha Baynes Eldridge||7th March 1819||15th May 1844||19th September 1898||(Marriage 25 y, 1 m, 29 d)|
|Thomas Scott||15th November 1812||15th May 1844|
|Thomas William Scott||11th January 1847||9th January 1848||(Marriage 2 y, 7 m, 28 d)||27 years, 9 months, 26 days|
|John James Scott||17th February 1848||6th January 1850||1 year, 1 month, 7 days||28 years, 11 months, 1 day|
|Mercy Margaret Scott||
Q3 1851 (BMD)
|not part of this family|
|Martha Frances Scott||21st October 1851||14th December 1851||3 years, 8 months, 5 days||32 years, 7 months, 5 days|
|Elizabeth Scott||2nd August 1853||11th December 1853||1 year, 9 months, 13 days||34 years, 4 months, 17 days|
Mercy Eliza Scott
(Mercy C Scott)
25th August 1855
7th October 1855
|2 years, 24 days||36 years, 5 months, 19 days|
|George Richard Scott||29th July 1858||13th October 1858||2 years, 11 months, 5 days||39 years, 4 months, 13 days|
|Annie Emily Scott||30th October 1861||15th December 1861||3 years, 3 months, 2 days||42 years, 7 months, 24 days|
It appears that Martha Baynes Scott nee Eldridge had a relatively good and comfortable life. Generally staying in the the same vicinity of Bethnal Green in London. For the time, only having one child mortality is a sign of a healthy well fed family.
Date of last update regarding Martha Baynes Scott; 29 Nov 2021