Development of Epsom Court

 

Development of Epsom Court

 

Before delving into the maps of Epsom and particularly Epsom Court I would like to refer you to The Epsom and Ewell History Explorer (EEHE) and the article on Epsom Court.

This site brings together articles covering the local history of the area. The articles may have been inspired by many things including specific suggestions, memories, printed works and of course the internet.

Epsom Court is one such article.

Epsom Court Alias Epsom Lodge or Court Farm, formerly the Saxon manor house of Epsom established upon a Roman site?

The Location It may be conjectured that a Roman road linked the villa and tile-works on Ashtead Common to the site of Epsom Court Farm where Toland, in his letter descriptive of Epsom from 1711, mentioned Roman remains. This would have extended from Woodcock Corner on the parish boundary, proceeding south of the present B280 Chessington Road and Christchurch Road to Clayhill Green. Seller’s map of 1690 indicates a secondary route to Ewell which passed Ashtead’s Woodfield before continuing north of Ebsham Wells and then on by Ebsham Court generally following a line suggested by Reginald White on his map in Ancient Epsom (1928). This way would have crossed a stream which still issues from The Cricketers’ pond at Stamford Green but has been contained in a culvert below Christchurch Road. At some time in history, however, a ford here would have been lined with imported stones (likely to have been flints) to improve the going over clay and so the location became known as Stamford as a corruption of the Old English stan [stone] ford. Then, as a letter in The Times of 31 August 1925 reported, ‘at the back of West Hill House, Epsom, there was a piece of Roman road showing … [which] might only have gone to Ebba’s Hame, the Court Farm, Epsom’. From Clay Hill Green the route continued along the present bridle path, Pound Lane. The supposed Roman road appears on the 18th century Rocque map included later in this piece.

 

Domesday Book

The article enticed me look at the entry for Epsom in the Domesday Book, a complete survey of England written in AD 1086.

Epsom was a settlement in Domesday Book, in the hundred of Copthorne and the county of Surrey.

It had a recorded population of 44 households in 1086, putting it in the largest 20% of settlements recorded in Domesday.

Land of Chertsey (St Peter), abbey of

Households
Households: 34 villagers. 4 smallholders. 6 slaves.
Land and resources
Ploughland: 17 ploughlands. 1 lord's plough teams. 17 men's plough teams.
Other resources: Meadow 24 acres. Woodland 20 swine render. 2 mills, value 10 shillings. 2 churches.
Valuation
Annual value to lord: 17 pounds in 1086; 20 pounds in 1066.
Owners
Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Chertsey (St Peter), abbey of.
Lord in 1086: Chertsey (St Peter), abbey of.
Lord in 1066: Chertsey (St Peter), abbey of.
Other information
Phillimore reference: Surrey 8,9

Domesday Epsom 1148 1

 

 The Land was owned by the Abbey of Chertsey (St Peter) in both 1066 and in 1086.

There were 6 slaves in the community of 38 villagers and smallholders.

The value to the lord was £17 in 1086. Compare this to the Tithe Values below.

There were 14 places in the hundred of Copthorne in Domesday Book, of which Epsom was one.

 

 

 

 

Memory-Map Historical Maps

These maps are predominantly old Ordnance Survey maps which OS sold the rights to Cassini Maps. The historical maps are no longer available to purchase via Memory-Map.

Map 1800s Epsom CourtMap 1800s Epsom Court - Extract from Memory Map Historical Maps

 Map 1900s Epsom CourtMap 1900s Epsom Court - Extract from Memory Map Historical Maps

 A century on and the railways have arrived, but the area is still predominantly fields or common land. The railway built to the north of Epsom, on the outskirts. Epsom Court clearly visible.

Map 1920s Epsom CourtMap 1920s Epsom Court - Extract from Memory Map Historical Maps

 Map 1940s Epsom CourtMap 1940s Epsom Court - Extract from Memory Map Historical Maps

National Library of Scotland Ordnance Survey Maps

OS NLS South London Outline Sheet 270 Revised 1893 Published 1896OS One Inch NLS South London Outline Sheet 270 Revised 1893 Published 1896

 

OS NLS Surrey XIX NW Revised 1894 to 1895 Published 1897OS Six Inch NLS Surrey XIX NW Revised 1894 to 1895 Published 1897

 

 OS 25 NLS Surrey XIX 5 Revised 1912 Published 1913OS 25 NLS Surrey XIX 5 Revised 1912 Published 1913

 

 OS 1 to 25000 NLS TQ26 Revised 1938 1955 Published 1956OS 1 to 25000 NLS TQ26 Revised 1938 1955 Published 1956

 

 OS 1 to 10560 NLS TQ26SW A Surveyed Revised 1952 to 1961 Published 1962OS 1 to 10560 NLS TQ26SW A Surveyed Revised 1952 to 1961 Published 1962

 

OS 1 to 10560 NLS TQ26SW A Surveyed Revised 1952 to 1961 Published 1962 Epsom CourtOS 1 to 10560 NLS TQ26SW A Surveyed Revised 1952 to 1961 Published 1962 Epsom Court

 

Tithes Apportionment and maps

 

Tithe map Epsom Title

 

 

xxxxx

xxxx

xxxx

xxxxx

Tithe map Epsom SignatureTithe map Epsom Court detail

 

Tithe apportionment Epsom

 

MeasureEquivalent
144 square inches 1 square foot
9 square feet 1 square yard
30¼ square yards 1 perch
40 perches 1 rood
4 roods 1 acre
640 acres 1 square mile

 

John Trotter is a landowner in Epsom with 1046 acres 3 roods aka roodes 3 perches.

He is also one of the main recipients of the impropriator tithe in the Sum of £225, the same amount as the Rev. R Parkhurst as another impropriator. Each earning about 25% of the total tithe for the parish of Epsom, £894 5s 10p. The relative income value of that income or wealth is £1,014,000.00 in 2020.

The vicar living from the tithe apportionment is £350 10s 10d.

  • John Trotter 626a 3r 9p occupied by himself with tithes of £45 2s 3d to the vicar and £121 13s 0d to himself, as the Impropriator.
  • Henry Stone 110a 0r 37p with tithes of £7 5s 2d to the vicar and £21 5s 0d to the Impropriator.
  • Thomas Whitbourne 309a 2r 37p with tithes of £26 11s 5d to the vicar and £80 0s 0d to the Impropriator.

The Reverend Fleetwood Parkhurst appears not to occupy tithe land in the parish of Epsom, but is recorded as landowner with a number of different occupiers.

  • Rebecca Cooke

 

 Tithe apportionment Rev Parkhurst Cooke

 

Tithe map Epsom Court and town

 

Tithe map Epsom with owners

 

Tithe map Epsom with owners 2

 

Tithe map Epsom Court and town with some new roads

 Tithe Map with approximate locations of some of the new roads. Temple road first, in orange. Waterloo road, in grey, under the railway, perhaps to provide a greater hight clearance than the Hook Road bridge, previously known as Kingstone Lane of the tithe map. The estate roads in brown. The locations are only plotted by observation of comparable maps, not properly geolocated. The footprint does appear to exceed the underlining plots or fields.

 Tithe apportionment plot 217 213

 

OS 1 to 10560 NLS TQ26SW A Surveyed Revised 1952 to 1961 Published 1962 Court EstOS 1 to 10560 NLS TQ26SW A Surveyed Revised 1952 to 1961 Published 1962 Court Est 

The measured area of the estate is 0.020 Square Miles, which converts to 12.8 Acres. The tithe apportionment for plots 213 and 217 totals 7a 3r 7p. It would be more normal for a development to be built within existing field boundaries.

 



 

 

 

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